Katie Hurliman: Complications and Comorbidities

There are several complications that can arise if type 2 diabetes is not monitored or take care of properly.  It is very important to monitor blood sugar levels, maintain a healthy eating plan and a healthy weight, and exercise regularly in order to help prevent complications from arising.

There are several complications that could occur from type 2 diabetes including heart disease and blood vessel damage, nerve, eye, and kidney damage, foot problems, hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, sexual dysfunction, pregnancy complications, specific complications in women, skin and mouth problems, osteoporosis, dementia, and hearing problems.


Eye damage is one of the major complications that can arise with type 2 diabetes, and one that is particularly interesting to me, as I will be pursuing a career in optometry.  Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in adults ages 20-74.  Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye condition associated with type 2 diabetes, and occurs when the vessels of the retina are damaged.  In nonproliferative retinopathy, which is the more common type, the blood vessels of the retina are weakened and may rupture or leak, and vision becomes reduced or blurred.  With proliferative retinopathy, capillaries are blocked and blood flow is cut off, resulting in major hemorrhaging or retinal detachment, and causing severe loss of vision or blindness.  With type 2 diabetes, there is also an increased risk of cataracts and glaucoma.

It is important to follow the steps in monitoring type 2 diabetes in order to help prevent these complications from arising.